Category Archives: Egypt events at the Manchester Museum

Object biography #14: A coral bracelet from Qau el-Kebir (Acc. no. 7169)

Beads_coralUse of coral in ancient Egypt was very limited. This is reflected by the fact that in the Manchester Museum’s collection of over 16,000 artefacts from ancient Egypt and Sudan only two items have elements that are made from coral.

This string of beads (Acc. no. 7169) comes from a grave excavated by the British School of Archaeology in Egypt at the site of Qau el-Kebir. The string may have formed a bracelet, an anklet or part of a larger necklace. It consists of 41 green glass beads, two of carnelian, one of gilt glass, and three long coral beads. Glass beads imitating gold and pearl provide a useful dating criterion as they seem to be an innovation of the Ptolemaic Period (332-30 BC) and continue to be used into Christian times (Fourth Century AD). Our string is most likely to date to between 30 BC and 394 AD, when Egypt was a province of the Roman Empire.

Red_sea_coral

Red sea coral

For the Egyptians, the nearest source of coral lay in the reefs of the Red Sea to the east of the Nile Valley. Red Sea coral (Tubipora musica) is attested in small numbers of grave goods from the Predynastic period (c. 5000-3100 BC) onwards, chiefly in the form of beads. Trade between the Nile Valley and the Red Sea coast is well-attested, and several areas of Egyptian occupation are known throughout the Pharaonic Period and later. Items arriving in Egypt through this route included a range of shells, sea urchins, coral and other materials. Due to its comparative rarity, coral is likely to have been prized by the ancient Egyptians as exotica, a material particularly suitable for use in small amounts in jewellery. The ownership of such items also implied wealth and status for the wearer.

It is unclear what, if any, special properties or associations coral had for the ancient Egyptians but colour symbolism was important in Pharaonic art. While blues and greens represented fresh growth, new life and rebirth after death, red stones such as carnelian and jasper were often used to represent solar elements in jewellery. Red also represented blood, and in Chapter 156 from the Book of the Dead, known as the ‘Chapter for a Knot-amulet of Red Jasper’, protection is sought through the blood of the goddess Isis:

You have your blood, O Isis; you have your power, O Isis; you have your magic, O Isis. The amulet is a protection for this Great One which will drive away whoever would commit a crime against him.

It may be assumed that these associations also applied to coral. As so often in Egyptian jewellery, colour was primarily symbolic rather than simply decorative.

This object can be seen in our new exhibition, Coral: Something Rich and Strange, from 29th November 2013. This blogpost is taken from an entry in the exhibition catalogue, edited by M. Endt-Jones and published by Liverpool University Press.

Leave a comment

Filed under Egypt events at the Manchester Museum, Object biography

Lecture 04/12/13: Ancestors in Ancient Egypt – Images and Practice

Acc. no. 1554 © Paul Cliff

Acc. no. 1554, depicting a man venerating an ancestor © Paul Cliff

“Ancestors in Ancient Egypt: Images and Practice”

Dr. Campbell Price, Curator of Egypt and Sudan
Kanaris Lecture Theatre, 6pm, Wednesday 4th December 2013
FREE

The existence of an ancestor cult in ancient Egypt has traditionally been downplayed by Egyptologists, in comparison with practices recognised in other African civilizations. In Pharaonic Egypt, ancestor worship has tended to be subsumed within a general reverence for deceased relatives, which dominates and motivates much of the monumental record. Viewing Egypt in its African context, this lecture will assess some points of comparison between ritual practice during the Egyptian New Kingdom (c. 1550-1070 BC) and the treatment of clay figurines from Komaland in Ghana, currently the subject of an exhibition entitled ‘Fragmentary Ancestors’ at the Museum. Possible connections include the manner of fashioning an image, its power as an object, expected interactions with the image, and the deliberate deposition of it.

This discussion is part of a wider research project which examines the interaction of individuals with standing monuments, and the extent to which those relationships are conceptualised and expressed on the monuments themselves. While compelling archaeological evidence for specifically ancestral veneration is limited in Pharaonic Egypt, texts and iconography are enticingly rich, and open to interpretation. This lecture presents a range of material and returns to the recurring question of how far Egyptology can engage with archaeological and enthnographic parallels.

More information here

Leave a comment

Filed under Egypt events at the Manchester Museum, Research projects

Study Day 23/11/13: South Asasif Conservation Project in Context

southasasifStudy Day – Gateway to an artistic and cultural renaissance
South Asasif Conservation Project in context

Saturday 23rd November, Karanis Theatre, Manchester Museum, Oxford Road, Manchester
Cost is £30 / £25 for South Asasif Conservation Trust Friends/Patrons

Dr Elena Pischikova and Dr Campbell Price will be the principal speakers for this exciting study day which explores the process of artistic and cultural renaissance alongside political unification and the dawn of the Late Period. The day will focus on the case study of the tombs of the South Asasif necropolis in Thebes which provide an early example of what was to follow in Late Period tomb architecture, texts and decoration.

Programme

09.30 – Registration
10.00 – Welcome and Logistics (John Billman)
10.10 – South Asasif Conservation Project – Introduction, overview & latest results from 2012 & 2013 by Dr Elena Pischikova
11.30 – Break
12.00 – Chronological Context of the Twenty-Fifth Dynasty by Dr Campbell Price
12.30 – South Asasif Conservation Project – anatomy of an excavation by John Billman
13.00 – Lunch (please make your own arrangements)
14.30 – Creating and Dedicating a Monument in Late Period Thebes by Dr Campbell Price
15.00 – Break
15.30 – Kushite art in Karakhamun and Karabasken – Inspiration, Style and Technique by Dr Elena Pischikova
16.30 – Close

Note : The above Study Day cost includes a voluntary gift-aidable donation of £15, if you do not wish to make this donation deduct £15pp

More information can be found at the Project website. Check out the South Asasif blog.

Leave a comment

Filed under Egypt events at the Manchester Museum

Study Day 08/02/2014: Sons of Osiris – Men in Ancient Egypt

Acc. no. 5839. New Kingdom stela from Riqqeh.

Acc. no. 5839. New Kingdom stela from Riqqeh.

‘Sons of Osiris: Men in Ancient Egypt’

Saturday 8th February 2014

Kanaris Lecture Theatre, The Manchester Museum, Oxford Road, Manchester

A series of presentations examining the lives, roles, health and deaths of ancient Egyptian men. Presented by Egyptology Online in association with The Manchester Museum and the KNH Centre.

All tickets cost £30. Tea and coffee are provided at the breaks; lunch is not provided.

The programme for the event is as follows:

9.15 Registration: tea/coffee
9.45 Welcome and Introduction
10.00 Fathers and Sons: Gods and & Men in Ancient Egypt – Joyce Tyldesley
10.45 ‘Accident and Emergency’: Men’s Health -Roger Forshaw
11.15 Break
11.45 Grumpy Old Men: What did Ancient Egyptian Men Moan About? – Glenn Godenho
12.30 Is it a Man? Bob Loynes
13.00 Lunch (please make own arrangements)
14.00 His Father’s Son: Khaemwese at Memphis and Elsewhere – Steven Snape
15.00 Break
15.30 The Two Brothers: Facts and Fantasies -Campbell Price
16.30 Conclusion

Leave a comment

Filed under Egypt events at the Manchester Museum

‘Hidden Treasures’ events: A shabti of Pinudjem II & blue painted pottery

Pinudjem-II

Photo: Glenn Janes

Join Manchester Museum curators and conservation team for Hidden Treasures events , a national initiative to celebrate collections in UK museums and archives. Museum staff will talk about newly acquired objects.

Drop-in, FREE

2-3pm, Collections Study Centre,  Floor 3, all ages

Thursday 22 August: With Curator of Egypt and Sudan, Campbell Price, talking about a shabti of the 21st Dynasty priest-king Pinudjem II.

Friday 23 August: With trainee Curator of Egypt and Sudan, Anna Garnett, talking about blue painted Egyptian pottery, dating to the New Kingdom.

More information on the programme at the Museum Meets blog.

1 Comment

Filed under Egypt events, Egypt events at the Manchester Museum

Lecture 29/06/13: “Talking Trees in Ancient Egyptian Love Poetry” by Cynthia Sheikholeslami

TreesSenedjemA special lecture as part of our Collecting Trees programme and exhibition:

“Talking Trees in Ancient Egyptian Love Poetry” by Cynthia Sheikholeslami (American University in Cairo).

Saturday 29th June, 2pm, Kanaris Lecture Theatre.

FREE but booking required.

An ancient Egyptian papyrus, dating to around 1100 BC, contains a series of love songs related to trees and fruits. This lecture will explore the themes and imagery of these Egyptian love songs, and how they were related to the worship of the Egyptian goddess Hathor, a deity associated with fertility – but also with trees.

CYNTHIA MAY SHEIKHOLESLAMI studied Egyptology at the Institute of Fine Arts, New York University, the Oriental Institute, University of Chicago, and UCLA. Her interests are in the history and society of the New Kingdom and the Third Intermediate Period in Egypt. She has published a number of studies dealing with the cult and priests of Montu in Thebes during the 25th Dynasty, and is preparing a publication of some of their funerary equipment discovered in the Hatshepsut Temple for the Polish-Egyptian Mission at Deir el-Bahari. She has also researched information about Egyptian antiquities contained in the travel accounts of 19th century visitors to Luxor.

5 Comments

Filed under Egypt events at the Manchester Museum

Film Screening 14 June 2013: Jerzy Kawalerowicz’s “Pharaoh (Faraon)”

FaraonThe Polish Consulate in Manchester will host a film screening at the Museum on the evening of Friday the 14th of June at 6pm.

PHARAOH (Faraon)

dir. Jerzy Kawalerowicz
Poland 1966 180 min

In this Academy Award nominated epic story set in ancient Egypt Pharaoh Ramses XIII defies tradition by assuming command of the military, a post usually occupied by priest. His defiance leads to a battle between those loyal to Ramses XIII and the power structure of priests. The priests try to fool the people by capitalizing on a solar eclipse, but Ramses XIII realizes the event is only a natural phenomenon. Impressive battle scenes and periods costumes from ancient Egypt add to this colourful epic historical drama.

The screening is organised in partnership with the Polish Cultural Institute in London.

With an introduction by Dr. Campbell Price, Curator of Egypt and the Sudan, Manchester Museum.

FREE but booking essential.

Leave a comment

Filed under Egypt events at the Manchester Museum

Egyptian ‘Fake or Find?’ workshop, Friday 7th June 2013

shabti_fake‘FAKE or FIND?’ WORKSHOP

2-3pm, Friday 7th June 2013.

Collections Study Centre

Join Campbell Price, Curator of Egypt and the Sudan, and find out how to tell Egyptian treasure from tourist tat!

What tell-tale signs distinguish a genuinely ancient piece from a modern imitation?

Using examples of both genuine and fake from the collection, Campbell will show some of the tricks of the trade.

A great chance to bring along any Egyptian items you would like to be identified.

Entry is FREE, but booking is essential as places are limited. Email museum@manchester.ac.uk to book.

Find out more here.

1 Comment

Filed under Egypt events, Egypt events at the Manchester Museum

Ancient Egypt & Nature’s Library: What is an ‘onomasticon’?

Onomasticon_picManchester Museum’s newly-refurbished Nature’s Library gallery, due to reopen on Saturday April 26th, will showcase four million natural specimens to illustrate how the natural world has been collected and catalogued and to explore the diversity of those collections.

The ancient Egyptians also catalogued the natural world around them in the form of onomastica, a type of ancient Egyptian text made up of word lists of many different things from sky and earth. The various categories focus mainly on nouns including birds, fish, food, towns and cities, plants, minerals, buildings, agriculture and different occupations. The selection of the words, and how they were ordered, shows us how the ancient Egyptians divided up and classified their world – a bit like an ancient compendium of the universe. Onomastica can be compared with modern encyclopaedia however these ancient lists only contained the words, and did not include any descriptions for those words.

Acc. no. 7220 - a painted scene from a palace floor

Acc. no. 7220 – a painted scene from a palace floor

Although we don’t know exactly why these lists were made, it is possible that they were intended to be used as training exercises for scribes when they learned to read and write. They may also have been made to act as a ‘bank’ for knowledge; a place where the ancient Egyptians could list and store all of the words which made up their world.

The earliest known onomasticon is the Ramesseum Onomasticon (Berlin Papyrus 10495) which was found in a tomb which possibly belonged to a lector, a specialist in ritual and magic, dating to the late Middle Kingdom (c. 1800-1700 BC). This tomb contained important papyri and objects, and it is possible to see some of those objects today in the Egyptian Worlds gallery at Manchester Museum. The Ramesseum Onomasticon originally contained over 300 words including birds, fish, food, towns and human anatomy. Because the onomasticon probably belonged to a lector, it is possible that the lists may have been read aloud and performed during ceremonies or rituals.

A dedicated display illustrating onomastica and the idea of the ancient Egyptian classification of the universe can be seen in the Exploring Objects gallery, which contains several natural specimens including mammals, birds, fish and minerals. These ideas will also be presented in new digital format – featuring the superb artwork of Gina Allnatt - accessible from the Manchester Ancient Worlds website, due to be launched very soon, which will combine photos, illustrations and text to tell the story of onomastica and why they are so important for the study of both ancient Egyptian and natural history.

1 Comment

Filed under Curator's Diary, Egypt events at the Manchester Museum

Collections Bites talk 01/05/13: ‘The Statue of the Admiral Hor’

Acc. no 3570 © Paul Cliff

Acc. no 3570 © Paul Cliff

Wednesday 1 May, 1.15-2pm.

Collections Study Centre, Manchester Museum

Join our series of guest speakers for lunchtime conversations discussing key objects from the collection. This month’s conversation will be:

The Kneeling Statue of the Admiral Hor: Ships and Sculpture in Sixth Century BC Egypt.

Often overlooked because of its damaged state, the kneeling statue of Hor [Acc. no. 3750] represents an important military man of the Egyptian Twenty-Sixth Dynasty (c. 595-589 BC). Hor was Admiral of Egypt’s royal Mediterranean fleet at a time of increasingly strained international relations. Campbell Price, Curator of Egypt and the Sudan at the Museum, will discuss Hor’s role and the meanings of his temple statue.

FREE. Book on 0161 275 2648 or museum@manchester.ac.uk

1 Comment

Filed under Egypt events at the Manchester Museum